Wormley House Agreement
Hayes appointed David Key of Tennessee as Postmaster General, but never implemented the promised land grant for Texas and the Pacific. In two months, however, Hayes had ordered federal troops in their posts to guard the homes of the states of Louisiana and South Carolina, allowing the Democrats to take control of both states. Since the Florida Supreme Court had previously declared a Democratic victory in the 1876 gdial election, Democrats had returned to power throughout the South. Some historians, such as Allan Peskin, argue that the assurances given to some Southern Democrats to prevent a filibuster were not a compromise, but a conclusion reached in advance, as Tilden did not receive enough support.  Peskin admits that Woodward`s interpretation had been almost universally accepted in the almost quarter of a century following its publication. As not all the terms of the agreement were met, Peskin believes that there was really no agreement between North and South in 1877. It also suggests that Democrats in the North have been more prominent in breaking down obstruction than those in the South. For example, Samuel J. Randall (D-Pennsylvania) was Speaker of the House and prevented obstruction. He was more interested in abandoning the radical government of the state of Louisiana than in any railroad in the South. In the early 1850s, famed caterer James Wormley acquired properties on I Street between 15th Street and 16th Street, NW, Washington, D.C., and developed them into a successful restaurant and hotel.
The company quickly became a favorite among the country`s top military and political leaders, as well as musicians and literary figures such as General George McClellan, Mississippi Senator (and later President of the Confederacy) Jefferson Davis, and Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner. In May and December 1860 Lieutenant-General Winifred Scott remained with Wormley for a month while he was in town on business. In 1861, after a stay, the English writer Anthony Trollope wrote: “My landlord told me he was sorry that I was leaving. No white American citizen who takes the position of owner would have condescended to such convenient words. Wormley was commissioned by Secretary of State William H. Steward in 1867 to house the Japanese Commission in his hotel for six weeks. The incumbent president, Republican Ulysses S. Grant, withdrew the soldiers from Florida and, as president, Hayes withdrew the remaining troops from South Carolina and Louisiana. As soon as the troops withdrew, many white Republicans also left, and the “savior” Democrats, who were already dominating other southern state governments, took control. .